Normally you can be safe by following the general opening principles; however there are famous opening traps good to know about.
Game 1: “Petroff defense”
From the starting position: 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3
White attacks the e5 Pawn. Black now could defend it with 2…Nc6 or 2…d6 but decided to counter attack with 2…Nf6, which is not a mistake yet. White captured the Pawn 3.Nxe5.
Now Black should play 3…d6, chasing back White’s Knight first before capturing White’s Pawn on e4.
However, let’s see what is wrong with 3…Nxe4?
White will answer with 4.Qe2 attacking Black’s Knight on e4.
Now Black is in trouble. If the Knight moves away from e4, for example 4…Nf6, then White has a discovered check to win Black’s Queen with 5.Nc6+.
Let’s go back a little to the position after White’s fourth move. A better defense is (instead of 4…Nf6) 4…d5 protecting the Knight. Then White attacks the Knight again, (with the Pawn, this time) with 5.d3.
Here the same idea is renewed: if the Black Knight leaves the e4 square then 6.Nc6+ wins the Black Queen. The best Black can do is play 5...Qe7 and lose only a Pawn after 6.dxe4 Qxe5 7.exd5. Here Black cannot capture the d5 Pawn because the Black Queen is pinned on the e file.
White is also ends up a Pawn ahead if in the above diagram position, Black tries to counter attack with 4...Qe7. Then, White captures the Black Knight with 5.Qxe4 and after 5...d6 plays 6.d4 dxe5 7.dxe5.
Here is an opening trap you should avoid as White:
Game 2: Queen’s Pawn opening
1.d4 Nf6 2.Nf3 c5
In this position, White could capture the Pawn on c5 with 3.dxc5. However, Black’s plan is to check with
3…Qa5+ and win the Pawn back.
3.Bf4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 This is already a mistake. Recapturing with the Queen (4.Qxd4) was better.
Now, Black has an unexpected combination to win material. First, Black sacrifices a Pawn with 4...e5.
This is a fork. If either piece (Bishop or Knight) just moves away, the other would be captured. But, what happens if White just takes the Pawn with 5.Bxe5?
Then comes a second fork: 5…Qa5+
Now, White is in check and after White blocks the check, Black can capture the Bishop on e5 with
6…Qxe5 and win a Bishop for only a Pawn. Game 3: French defense
1.e4 e6 These are the starting moves of the French defense.
2.d4 d5 Both sides are occupying the center so far. Now the White’s Pawn on e4 is under attack. White can protect it in various ways such as 3.Nc3 or 3.Nd2 or simply move it away from the danger.
3.e5 c5 Black is trying to put pressure on White’s d4 Pawn starting with this move.
4.c3 White protects the d4 Pawn.
4…Nc6 5.Nf3 Qb6 Now Black is pressuring the d4 Pawn with the Pawn on c5, Knight on c6 and from behind with the Queen on b6. White is also protecting it three times. So for now, White is safe.
6.Bd3 Did White just make a mistake? Let’s see…now the White’s Queen on d1 is no longer protecting the d4 Pawn.
6…cxd4 7.cxd4 Nxd4 8.Nxd4 Qxd4 Black has just won a Pawn right? Right, but it only brings very temporary.
9.Bb5+ and with this discovery, White wins Black’s Queen.
Shelby Lyman on Chess: No Place to Hide Sunday, December 8, 2013
We have turned a page in chess history.
Magnus Carlsen’s crushing victory over Viswanathan Anand in their world title match in Chennai, India ushers in a new paradigm.
Carlsen plays the game differently than any champion before. Although this has also been true of many new champions — most notably in modern times Bobby Fischer, Anatoly Karpov and Garry Kasparov, the 22-year-old Norwegian is the first to develop his skills from start to finish in the computer age.
Kasparov used computers brilliantly, but he was already world champion before they became part of his repertoire.
Like a chess-playing computer himself, Carlsen seems to play without fear of losing. He simply makes move after move until his opponent cracks. A remarkable intuition for the right move, finely-honed by reviewing tens of thousands of games on computer screens, plays no small part in this ability.
He makes errors, of course, but smaller and fewer than his opponents.
Because he continues the fight until the board is practically bare of pieces and because he creates imbalances and winning possibilities in seemingly innocuous positions, an easy draw against Carlson is a contradiction in terms.
There is usually no way to resist the pressure he creates except by welcoming the fight and replying in kind. Not an easy thing to do. Draws when they do occur are well-earned.
Four GMs and two IMs share lead PTI | Dec 8, 2013, 09.11 PM IST
KOLKATA: Four Grandmasters and two International Masters shared the lead with 3.5 points each after the end of the fourth round of the SREI International Grandmasters Chess Tournament on Sunday.
On the top board, GM Samvel Ter-Sahakyan drew with GM Valeriy Neverov, while second seed GM Ivan Popov outwitted GM Levon Babujian as the trio remained on top alongside a fourth GM Marat Dzhumaev on the leader board.
There were also impressive performances from two IMs -- Mikhail Mozharov and Jacek Stopa -- who shared the lead with four GMs after four rounds.
Top Board Results (Round 4) GM Samvel Ter-Sahakyan (3.5) drew GM Valeriy Neverov (3.5); GM Levon Babujian (3) lost to GM Ivan Popov (3.5); GM Surya Sekhar Ganguly (3) drew GM Hovik Hayrapetyan (3); GM R R Laxman (3) drew GM Vladislav Borovikov (3); GM Marat Dzhumaev (3.5) b GM Sinisa Drazic (2.5); IM Murali Karthikeyan (3) drew GM Tornike Sanikidze (3); IM Bhuvanesh R Ramnath (2.5) lost to IM Mikhail Mozharov (3.5); IM Narayanan Srinath (2.5) lost to IM Jacek Stopa (3.5); GM Ziatdinov Raset (2.5) drew GM Deep Sengupta (2.5); GM Merab Gagunashvili (3) bt Suvrajit Saha (2); Azer Mirzoev (2.5) drew Nr Vignesh (2.5); S Ravi Teja(2) lost to GM Niaz Murshed (3).
10-year-old makes chess finals Posted December 8, 2013 by Chanda Davies in Sports By SHAMAOMA MUSONDA At OYDC -
A GRADE-FOUR pupil at American International School (AIS) in Lusaka, Alva Sorensen yesterday made it to the final phase of the senior national team selection after finishing fifth during the trials held at the Olympic Youth Development Centre (OYDC).
The 10-year-old Sorensen, who trains with his father Peter and brother Hampas, defied all odds to make the top five together with players from the University of Zambia (UNZA) and the Copperbelt University (CBU).
Sorensen, and four other qualifiers from this tournament, will now compete for the final five national team spots for 2014 against five others who are already established national team players.
The youngster finished with four points from a possible six and needed to beat Helen Chanda in the final round to get a place in the team that saw Phyllis Mwilola, from the UNZA win the women event with 5.5 points from a possible six.
Mwilola dropped just half-a-point along her winning the event to former international Yvonne Saina, who finished second on 4.5 points, in the last round.
Three players followed in close third tied on four points to close the doors on players making the next stage of selection with Mulwale Kabamba, from the CBU, and Maureen Chilufya of Ndola B Chess Club, and Sorensen in fifth place.
In the men’s section which was still being played by Press time, Kelvin Chumfwa took over sole leadership with six points after his brother Stanley lost his seventh round match to guarantee himself a place in the final stage of selection.
The passing of Nelson Mandela last week brought memories of Jerry Bibuld to mind, the fellow who precipitated banning South Africa from FIDE (World Chess Federation) events in 1977. Both men were for equality of the races. In prison 27 years in an 8-by-8-foot cell, Mandela and other inmates made chess sets out of soap and driftwood.
Russia, China and Ukraine took the medals in the World Team in Turkey. The USA was fourth, even though it defeated Russia in the 10-country round robin on four boards. Excellent coverage at www.chessbase.com.
World Under 12 Champion Sam Sevian of Southbridge was awarded the IM title recently in Armenia, crossing the 2400 FIDE rating barrier at a Budapest, Hungary, event in early November, and two of his games were posted Thursday at www.uschess.org.
Postal Master Dr. Imre Toth, a retired dentist from Bolton, has another feature describing the 33-year-old Nashoba Jr. Chess Club (www.nashobachess.org), which meets again Friday at 5:30 p.m. at the high school on Green Road. The Q&A story can be found at www.wickedlocal.com/bolton and describes one of the longest running programs for kids open to the public, now twice a month.
Belated results again show John Curdo of Auburn winning the 18-player Noble November Open in Worcester. The Thursday program is described at www.chesspals.com.
Cape Cod's www.chesscafe.com is still conducting its amazing 70 percent off clearance sale of books and equipment in stock where you can buy within Mass., and enjoy all the free features archived on the 15-year site created and maintained by Mark Donlan, a former editor of Chess Horizons magazine.
Tops this week at www.masschess.org are the Boylston Chess Foundation's Saturday $5 Open in Somerville and MACA's own four-section Pillsbury Memorial Sunday at the Royal Plaza Hotel in Marlboro. MACA honors two of its greatest chess celebrities in December, Harry N. Pillsbury (1872-1906) and George S. Sturgis (1891-1944), founder and first president of both the U.S. Chess Federation and MACA during the 1930s.
As the aircraft lands in Chennai I am totally smitten by the man’s simplicity, grace and charm. December 6, 2013:
He was one of the last to board the Jet Airways flight from Delhi to Chennai on Thursday afternoon.
Seated on the aisle seat, with one seat empty between us, I thought he looked like the chess legend Viswanathan Anand, but dismissed the thought wondering why he would travel economy class.
After the flight took off, he settled down to watching a black and white movie on his iPad. There were no nakhras and zero fuss, something that you don’t associate with celebs. So I didn’t ask him if he was indeed our chess hero who broke millions of hearts recently by losing to the young Norwegian Magnus Carlsen in the World Chess Championship in Chennai.
And anyway nobody was queuing up to get his autographs. After 30 minutes somebody came up, recalled meeting him along with Scindia. I caught another political name, and reached my low point by asking him incredulously, even disapprovingly: “Don’t tell me you’re a politician?” He turned to me, smiled and shook his head.
And then the penny dropped! I popped the question, and he grinned, and nodded. Sheepishly I apologised telling him I was not much of a sportsperson. “But my husband and two sons are huge fans”, I gushed, and sought permission to click a picture, which was graciously granted. He was interested in my Nokia Lumia 820, and asked how good it was; as he was using one of the bigger Samsung Galaxy mobiles, he was looking for a mobile which was smaller.
As my son works for Nokia, I plugged the Lumia a bit, we then chatted about how 6-7 years ago it was only Nokia and nothing else. I introduced myself and he asked me where I lived in Chennai.
“Nungambakkam? I lived there for quite a bit; on Sterling Road”, Anand said. Again, no mention of the fact that his father, Viswanathan Iyer, is a former General Manager of Southern Railways.
Next we discussed the great work being done by Vidyasagar, the Chennai-based institution for spastic children, of which he is a brand ambassador. I mention being one of its founding members; he displays appreciation, making me feel better about my failure to recognise him instantly. Again I mumble an apology and say I was foxed by his sheer simplicity; and didn’t expect to see him in economy.
He shrugs and says that as he had reached the airport a little early, he had changed to an earlier flight. A flight attendant comes to seek his autograph for his “mother, who is a big fan”.
We chat on a number of topics – mobiles and technology, the movie he is watching on his iPad… “it is actually a Perry Mason TV serial. I got hooked on to it when I visited my sister in the US,” he says.
On how Vidyasagar is doing phenomenal work, but was always tight on funds. I admit to my inability, as a core member, in helping it raise adequate funds. “And we have totally failed to cash in on your status as a brand ambassador,” I sigh, and we talk about how these “big circuits” work to raise funds.
The inevitable question is about his heart-breaking loss in Chennai. Anand shrugs, smiles and says, “These things happen, I’ll move on; there will be other matches.” As the aircraft lands in Chennai I am totally smitten by the man’s simplicity, grace and charm. And gratified that other passengers too had failed to recognise him… “Sir, we thought you looked like Viswanathan Anand, but weren’t sure”, says one man. Another says he was fooled by the economy class travel.
Anand walks out with a warm goodbye and I alight wondering how one of our celeb cricketers would behave on flights vis-à-vis ordinary passengers. Wish more celebs were like Vishy Anand!
As you can tell from the name, SimpleChess is simple to navigate around the site. It is designed for amateur players who would like to have a good time by playing and /or learning online.
Our playing zone has more than 800,000 members. You can play 24/7 against players from all over the world. You can also play against computer at various levels. In addition, you can solve puzzles, read news or improvement tips, and watch instructional videos.
To celebrate this historic World Championship in Chennai, India, between legendary World Champion Vishy Anand and world #1 Magnus Carlsen, you can play and learn FREE on SimpleChess until February 1, 2014. After that, some parts of the server will remain free, while others will be available at nominal fees.
There will plenty of additions in the next few months. In the meantime, have fun and enjoy the greatest game on earth!
Chess master who played Bobby Fischer opens new club at Winsley 10:00am Sunday 8th December 2013 By Katie Smith
International Chess Master James Sherwin, who once played Grand Master Bobby Fischer, shared his skills at the launch of a new chess club in Winsley.
Mr Sherwin, 80, met and played against the new members of Bradford & Avon Valley Youth Chess Club on their opening night at St Nicholas Hall on Tuesday.
The club is open to children from West Wiltshire and Bath, aged six to 18, and will meet every Tuesday from 6 to 7pm for beginners and 6.30 to 7.45pm for intermediate level and above.
American Mr Sherwin, who now lives in Winsley, said: “It was wonderful. They are all talented and there are some promising players. I started playing chess when I was five, when I had nothing to do in the summer, so this is a good place for them to start.
“Chess is good for teaching rigorous thinking, flexibility, perseverance and sportsmanship. It can be a tough game.”
Mr Sherwin, a former president of the American Chess Foundation, earned the International Master title in 1958, and played against the likes of Fischer, Mikhail Tal and Tigran Petrosian.
He added: “Bobby was a friend but I lost touch with him after competing (at around the age of 30). He used to come to my house and we would play blitz.”
Roy Ludlow, secretary of Wiltshire County Chess Association and member of Trowbridge Chess Club, gave a financial donation and clocks to help launch the new club. Kingston Estate Agents also donated clocks.
Chairman of Bradford & Avon Valley Youth Chess, Richard Seymour, said: “Schools are a good place for beginners but we can bring them on to a higher standard here.”
Chess holds the secret to saving our cities Saturday, Dec 7, 2013 05:00 PM CST What this game of strategy can show us about building the metropolis of the future Henry Grabar
Pedro Ortiz is on a metropolitan planning mission. Like many urban theorists, he uses metaphors to illustrate his points, and his preferred comparison is to games.
Too often, Ortiz says, we think of the metropolis like a dartboard, one whose concentric circles of development decline in value and importance with distance from the center. This is the radial or orbital model of metropolitan planning, one that prizes centrality above all. It is, for Ortiz, a design whose failures have rendered it obsolete.
Instead, he suggests we imagine the metropolis as a chessboard, where every square plays a role and control of the center can be complemented by clever play along the edges. Ortiz calls this system of evenly spaced nodes and gridded traffic corridors the “reticular,” and it is his trademark method of planning. In a metropolitan scheme for Bogotá, Colombia, Ortiz actually placed chess pieces on a map, each corresponding to a particular sub-regional function: an airport, town center or commercial business district.
“Metropolises are not at all like cities,” Ortiz told me over the phone last week. Developing the regional plan for Madrid in the mid-’90s, Ortiz learned that metropolitan planning, in addition to foresight, requires coordination and sacrifice. “Every mayor wanted to be a queen. But their role was not to be a queen or a king but to be a knight, a bishop or a pawn.”
To make regions function as a whole, Ortiz designed the Metro-Matrix, a system marked by linearity – intersecting transportation lines organized around natural features – and numerous centers. It’s an idea that Ortiz, a senior urban planner at the World Bank, has since exported to cities as distinct as Cairo, Mexico City, Istanbul and Manila, and whose principles he expounds in a new manual, “The Art of Shaping the Metropolis.” Given the pace of global urbanization, time is short. Looking onto unplanned slums spreading like oil stains around Accra, Ghana, and Monrovia, Liberia, or doubling year over year at the margins of N’Djamena, Chad, and Amman, Jordan, Ortiz sees a time bomb.
* * *
At the urban scale, the grid is the oldest and most popular design we have. It brings obvious advantages to movement, organization, architecture and real estate in the city. But rarely has it been successfully deployed as a regional strategy.